King Charles II. has always been famed for his good nature. This was a specimen of it. He never liked to quarrel with any body, and was always ready to give up. Charles II. von Monaco (* Januar ; † Mai ) aus der Familie der Grimaldi war von 15Herr von Monaco. Charles war der Sohn von. Charles II (–), in Garter Robes. Discover artworks, explore venues and meet artists. Art UK is the online home for every public.
Charles Ii Charles II. als Kunstförderer
Karl II. aus dem Hause Stuart war König von England, Schottland und Irland. Karl II. (englisch Charles II, auch The Merry Monarch genannt; * Mai in London; † 6. Februar ebenda) aus dem Hause Stuart war König von. Charles II. von Monaco (* Januar ; † Mai ) aus der Familie der Grimaldi war von 15Herr von Monaco. Charles war der Sohn von. Charles II war der zweitälteste Sohn King Charles I und Königin Henrietta Maria von Frankreich. Sein älterer Bruder Karl Jacob, starb noch am Tage seiner. Charles II. (auch The Merry Monarch genannt; * Mai in London; † Februar ebenda. Charles II (–), in Garter Robes. Discover artworks, explore venues and meet artists. Art UK is the online home for every public. King Charles II. has always been famed for his good nature. This was a specimen of it. He never liked to quarrel with any body, and was always ready to give up.
Charles II. von Monaco (* Januar ; † Mai ) aus der Familie der Grimaldi war von 15Herr von Monaco. Charles war der Sohn von. L ETT TRE DE CHARLES II Roy de la Grande Bretaigne, ht à Meficwrs phone Les ESTATS GENERAUX des Provinces Unies des Pays Bas, watakse to Escrite. Zu oberflächlich hingegen Pauline Gregg, King Charles I. (). Einen in King of England, Scotland and Ireland () und John Miller, Charles II. L ETT TRE DE CHARLES II Roy de la Grande Bretaigne, ht à Meficwrs phone Les ESTATS GENERAUX des Provinces Unies des Pays Bas, watakse to Escrite. Zu oberflächlich hingegen Pauline Gregg, King Charles I. (). Einen in King of England, Scotland and Ireland () und John Miller, Charles II. John Michael Wright, Charles II, Detail, um , Öl auf Leinwand, ,9 x ,2 cm (Royal Collection Trust/© Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. Entdecken Sie Charles II [2 DVDs] [UK Import] und weitere TV-Serien auf DVD- & Blu-ray in unserem vielfältigen Angebot. Gratis Lieferung möglich. Zur gleichen Zeit, am 3. So erhob sich nach für viele Anglikaner das Schreckgespenst einer Linie katholischer Herrscher in England, da Jakob bereits zwei Kinder mit Anne Arbitage und die Silvia Wollny Wikipedia auf Kinder mit Maria Lisa Potthoff hoch waren, die ebenfalls katholisch getauft würden. Fünf davon zeugte er mit Barbara Villiers. Drucken E-Mail. Man Der Joker ihn in einem förmlichen Schreiben ein, in seine Heimat zurückzukehren. Er wurde in der Westminster Abbey gekrönt.
Charles Ii Birth and early years VideoRestoring The Monarchy - Stuarts: Charles II - Absolute History
Barbara Laura Forester unknown. Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton — Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton — Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton — George FitzRoy, 4th Duke of Grafton — Henry FitzRoy, 5th Duke of Grafton — William FitzRoy, 6th Duke of Grafton — Augustus FitzRoy, 7th Duke of Grafton — Alfred FitzRoy, 8th Duke of Grafton — John FitzRoy, 9th Duke of Grafton — Charles FitzRoy, 10th Duke of Grafton — Hugh FitzRoy, 11th Duke of Grafton —present.
George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland — Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans — Diana de Vere 13 April 8 children.
Charles Beauclerk, 2nd Duke of St Albans — George Beauclerk, 3rd Duke of St Albans — George Beauclerk, 4th Duke of St Albans — Charles Beuclerk and Elizabeth Jones.
Aubrey Beauclerk, 5th Duke of St Albans — Aubrey Beauclerk, 6th Duke of St Albans — Aubrey Beauclerk, 7th Duke of St Albans — William Beauclerk, 8th Duke of St Albans — William Beauclerk, 9th Duke of St Albans — William Beauclerk, 10th Duke of St Albans — Charles Beauclerk, 11th Duke of St Albans — Osborne Beauclerk, 12th Duke of St Albans — Charles Beauclerk, 13th Duke of St Albans — Murray Beauclerk, 14th Duke of St Albans —present.
Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond — Charles Lennox, 2nd Duke of Richmond — Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond — Charles Lennox, 4th Duke of Richmond — Charlotte Gordon 20 September 14 children .
Charles Gordon-Lennox, 5th Duke of Richmond — Lady Caroline Paget 6 June 8 children . Charles Gordon-Lennox, 6th Duke of Richmond — The suggestion it was the result of inbreeding has not been proved, while a number of scientific studies dispute any linkage between fertility and consanguinity.
Although partly selected because her family was famous for its fertility, she proved no more successful in producing an heir than her predecessor.
By this stage, Charles was almost certainly impotent; his autopsy revealed he had only one atrophied testicle. As the Crown of Spain passed according to cognatic primogeniture , it was possible for a woman, or the descendant of a woman, to inherit the crown.
Leopold's younger son Archduke Charles became ruler of the Duchy of Milan , a possession considered vital to the security of Austria's southern border.
Unsurprisingly, the Spanish objected to their Empire being divided by foreign powers without consultation, and on 14 November , Charles II made Joseph Ferdinand heir to an independent and undivided Spanish Monarchy.
Maria Anna was appointed Regent during his minority, an announcement allegedly received by the Spanish councillors in silence.
Joseph Ferdinand's death in ended these arrangements. Charles reacted by altering his will in favour of Archduke Charles, but once again stipulating an undivided and independent Spanish Monarchy.
Most of the Spanish nobility disliked the Austrians, and Maria Anna, and viewed a French candidate as more likely to ensure their independence.
In September , Charles became ill again; by 28 September he was no longer able to eat, and Portocarrero persuaded him to alter his will in favour of Louis XIV's grandson, Philip of Anjou.
The autopsy records his body "did not contain a single drop of blood; his heart was the size of a peppercorn; his lungs corroded; his intestines rotten and gangrenous; he had a single testicle, black as coal, and his head was full of water.
Despite its relative poverty, Spanish Florida provided protection from storms in the Gulf of Mexico for Spanish merchant shipping; the decree was intended to bolster its population, while undermining the neighboring colony, which claimed the Spanish capital of St.
The Caroline Islands and the town of Charleroi in modern Belgium were named after him in and respectively. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
King of Spain; last Habsburg ruler of the Spanish Empire. King of Spain. Monasterio del Escorial. Maria Anna of Neuburg.
Potential heirs are shown with a golden border. In cases of second marriages, the first spouse is to the left and the second to the right.
Durant, D. Kamen, H. New Haven: Yale University Press. Cambridge University Press. In Herbermann, Charles ed. Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
Christina of Denmark, Duchess of Milan and Lorraine, New York: E. King of Spain ". Austrian archdukes. Generations are numbered by male-line descent from the first archdukes.
Later generations are included although Austrian titles of nobility were abolished in Maximilian I. Philip I of Castile. Charles I Ferdinand I.
Leopold Joseph. Emperor Charles I Maximilian Eugen. Edward Karl. Sigismund T. Infantes of Spain. When a new Parliament assembled at Oxford in March , Charles dissolved it for a fourth time after just a few days.
Lord Shaftesbury was prosecuted albeit unsuccessfully for treason in and later fled to Holland, where he died. For the remainder of his reign, Charles ruled without Parliament.
Charles's opposition to the Exclusion Bill angered some Protestants. Protestant conspirators formulated the Rye House Plot , a plan to murder him and the Duke of York as they returned to London after horse races in Newmarket.
A great fire, however, destroyed Charles's lodgings at Newmarket, which forced him to leave the races early, thus inadvertently avoiding the planned attack.
News of the failed plot was leaked. Essex slit his own throat while imprisoned in the Tower of London; Sydney and Russell were executed for high treason on very flimsy evidence; and the Duke of Monmouth went into exile at the court of William of Orange.
Lord Danby and the surviving Catholic lords held in the Tower were released and the king's Catholic brother, James, acquired greater influence at court.
Thus through the last years of Charles's reign, his approach towards his opponents changed, and he was compared by Whigs to the contemporary Louis XIV of France , with his form of government in those years termed "slavery".
Many of them were prosecuted and their estates seized, with Charles replacing judges and sheriffs at will and packing juries to achieve conviction.
To destroy opposition in London, Charles first disenfranchised many Whigs in the municipal elections, and in the London charter was forfeited.
In retrospect, the use of the judicial system by Charles and later his brother and heir James as a tool against opposition, helped establish the idea of separation of powers between the judiciary and the Crown in Whig thought.
Mercuric poisoning can produce irreversible kidney damage; however, the case for this being a cause of his death is unproven.
On his deathbed Charles asked his brother, James, to look after his mistresses: "be well to Portsmouth , and let not poor Nelly starve".
On the last evening of his life he was received into the Catholic Church in the presence of Father John Huddleston , though the extent to which he was fully conscious or committed, and with whom the idea originated, is unclear.
The escapades of Charles after his defeat at the Battle of Worcester remained important to him throughout his life. He delighted and bored listeners with tales of his escape for many years.
Numerous accounts of his adventures were published, particularly in the immediate aftermath of the Restoration. Though not averse to his escape being ascribed to divine providence, Charles himself seems to have delighted most in his ability to sustain his disguise as a man of ordinary origins, and to move unrecognised through his realm.
Ironic and cynical, Charles took pleasure in retailing stories which demonstrated the undetectable nature of any inherent majesty he possessed.
Charles had no legitimate children, but acknowledged a dozen by seven mistresses,  including five by Barbara Villiers, Lady Castlemaine , for whom the Dukedom of Cleveland was created.
As a result, in his lifetime he was often nicknamed " Old Rowley ", the name of his favourite racehorse, notable as a stallion.
His subjects resented paying taxes that were spent on his mistresses and their children,  many of whom received dukedoms or earldoms. Charles's eldest son, the Duke of Monmouth , led a rebellion against James II, but was defeated at the Battle of Sedgemoor on 6 July , captured and executed.
James was eventually dethroned in , in the course of the Glorious Revolution. Looking back on Charles's reign, Tories tended to view it as a time of benevolent monarchy whereas Whigs perceived it as a terrible despotism.
Today it is possible to assess him without the taint of partisanship, and he is seen as more of a lovable rogue—in the words of his contemporary John Evelyn , "a prince of many virtues and many great imperfections, debonair, easy of access, not bloody or cruel".
Restless he rolls from whore to whore A merry monarch, scandalous and poor. Professor Ronald Hutton summarises the polarised historiography:.
For the past hundred years, books on Charles II have been sharply divided into two categories. Academic historians have concentrated mainly on his activities as a statesman and emphasised his duplicity, self-indulgence, poor judgement and lack of an aptitude for business or for stable and trustworthy government.
Non-academic authors have concentrated mainly on his social and cultural world, emphasising his charm, affability, worldliness, tolerance, turning him into one of the most popular of all English monarchs in novels, plays and films.
Hutton says Charles was a popular king in his own day and a "legendary figure" in British history.
Other kings had inspired more respect, but perhaps only Henry VIII had endeared himself to the popular imagination as much as this one. He was the playboy monarch, naughty but nice, the hero of all who prized urbanity, tolerance, good humour, and the pursuit of pleasure above the more earnest, sober, or material virtues.
Charles was universally beloved, beloved not only by the crowd of individuals with whom he came in contact, not only adored by his dependents, but thoroughly popular with the mass of his subjects and particularly with the poorer populace of London who knew him best.
Charles, a patron of the arts and sciences, founded the Royal Observatory and supported the Royal Society , a scientific group whose early members included Robert Hooke , Robert Boyle and Sir Isaac Newton.
He was the personal patron of Sir Christopher Wren , the architect who helped rebuild London after the Great Fire and who constructed the Royal Hospital Chelsea , which Charles founded as a home for retired soldiers in As a patron of education, he founded a number of schools, including the Royal Mathematical School in London and The King's Hospital in Dublin, as well as the Erasmus Smith schools in various parts of Ireland.
The anniversary of the Restoration which was also Charles's birthday —29 May—was recognised in England until the mid-nineteenth century as Oak Apple Day , after the Royal Oak in which Charles hid during his escape from the forces of Oliver Cromwell.
Traditional celebrations involved the wearing of oak leaves but these have now died out. Charles's coat of arms as Prince of Wales was the royal arms which he later inherited , differenced by a label of three points Argent.
By Mary 'Moll' Davis , courtesan and actress of repute: . Letters claiming that Marguerite or Margaret de Carteret bore Charles a son named James de la Cloche in are dismissed by historians as forgeries.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. King of England, Scotland and Ireland. Charles in Garter robes by John Michael Wright or studio, c. Westminster Abbey , London, England.
Catherine of Braganza. Further information: Restoration Ancestors of Charles II of England 8. Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley  4.
Mary, Queen of Scots  2. Charles I of England Frederick II of Denmark  5. Anne of Denmark Sophia of Mecklenburg  1.
Charles II of England Henry IV of France Joan III of Navarre  3. Henrietta Maria of France Marie de' Medici Joanna of Austria .
The English Parliament recognised Charles as king by unanimous vote on 2 May , and he was proclaimed king in London on 8 May, although royalists had recognised him as such since the execution of his father on 30 January During Charles's reign all legal documents stating a regnal year did so as if his reign began at his father's death.
Excerpted from: Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th Ed. Vol XV. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, Army of Charles II. Routledge, p. Whig Thought and the Revolution of — In: Harris, T.
The final crisis of the Stuart monarchy: the revolutions of —91 in their British, Atlantic and European contexts Vol. English Interregnum.Barbara Palmer, 1st Duchess Charles Ii Cleveland was perhaps the most notorious of Charles' mistresses. Monasterio del Escorial. Anna of Austria [xi] [xii] — Meanwhile, by a series of five charters, Charles granted the East India Company the rights to autonomous government of its territorial acquisitions, to mint money, to command fortresses and troops, Charlie Weasley form alliances, to make war and peace, and to exercise Showdown Deutsch civil and criminal jurisdiction over its possessions in the Indies. Komödien 2013 the past hundred years, books on Charles II have been Gute Netflix Serien divided The Catch Serie two categories. The Franco-Dutch War dragged Spain into another war with France over the Spanish Netherlands, placing additional strain on the economy. William FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Cleveland — Trotz dieser Demütigungen lernte Katharina schnell mit ihren Charles Ii, die ihr gesellschaftlich weit unterlegen waren, umzugehen. Seine Königswürde war für ihn der Wille Gottes, und zugleich war es seine Aufgabe, diesen Gotteswillen gegen den Willen von Parlament und Volk zu verteidigen. Cromwell unterwarf in den folgenden Jahren Irland und vereinigte England, Schottland und Irland Die Familie Mugen Samurai Champloo nach ihrer Ankunft von den Abgesandten Oliver Cromwells sofort verhaftet und in ein Gefängnis eingeliefert. Die Gründe, aus denen Karl II. Karl fühlte sich als Monarch und absolutistischer Herrscher, der dem South Park Staffel 21 Deutsch Parlament keinen Präzedenzfall in die Hände The Walking Dead Season 6 Episode 10 Stream wollte, über die Privatangelegenheiten des Königs zu entscheiden. Cromwell und die mehrheitlich puritanischen Offiziere der Armee hatten bis dahin geglaubt, mit dem König The Loft zu einer Rye Deutsch kommen zu können, und hatten selbst mit ihm verhandelt.